The Riksbank’s measures in connection with the corona pandemic

The Riksbank has implemented a large number of measures to alleviate the economic effects of the coronavirus pandemic and support the Swedish economy. The measures we have taken help to facilitate access to credit and liquidity. This reduces the risk of a shortage of money and sharply rising interest rates exacerbating the situation.

The infographic show the scope decided for individual programmes of measures and how much of these programmes has been used so far. Funding for lending – scope: 500 SEK billions, utilised: 165 SEK billions. Purchases of government, mortgage, municipal and corporate bonds, and commercial paper – scope: 700 SEK billions, utilised: 474 SEK billions. Increased access to liquidity – scope: unlimited, utilised: 32 SEK billions. Loans in US dollars – scope: 60 USD billions, utilised: 2 USD billions.

The amounts in the row above show the envelopes decided on for each of the Riksbank’s programmes, and the amounts in the row below show how much of each programme has been utilised. For most of the programmes, the envelope refers to the maximum amount for total purchases and total funding respectively and the utilisation amount shows how much the Riksbank has purchased and lent respectively since the programmes were initiated.

* For funding to banks to support corporate lending, however, the envelope refers to the maximum amount that the Riksbank may have in outstanding loans (i.e. total lending minus the amount repaid to the Riksbank) and utilisation refers to the Riksbank’s current outstanding amounts.  The figures are updated weekly.

 

Funding to banks to support corporate lending

The Riksbank is offering funding to banks of up to SEK 500 billion against collateral to stimulate their lending to banks to support corporate lending.

Read more about the Riksbank’s funding for lending programme

 

 

 

Extended purchases of securities

The Riksbank intends to purchase securities in an amount of up to SEK 700 billion, up to 31 December 2021, in addition to the purchases planned prior to the pandemic. The aim is to facilitate credit supply and mitigate the downturn in the economy. This includes purchases of government bonds, treasury bills, covered bonds (mortgage bonds), municipal bonds and corporate securities (commercial paper and corporate bonds). 

Purchases of government bonds

Read more about the Riksbank's purchases of government bonds

Purchases of treasury bills

Read more about the Riksbank's purchases of treasury bills 

Purchases of covered bonds (mortgage bonds)

Read more about the Riksbank's purchases of covered bonds

Purchases of commercial paper

Read more about the Riksbank's purchases of commercial paper

Purchases of corporate bonds

Read more about the Riksbank's purchases of corporate bonds

Purchases of municipal bonds

Read more about the Riksbank's purchases of municipal bonds

 

 

Loans in US dollars

The Riksbank is offering the banks the possibility of loans in US dollars against collateral, up to a total of USD 60 billion. The purpose is to increase access to liquidity in US dollars in the Swedish financial system.

Read more about the Riksbank's measure to offer loans in US dollars

 

 

The riksbank is lending unlimited amounts of sek against collateral

The Riksbank is offering banks the opportunity to borrow an unlimited amount of money on a monthly basis against collateral at three and six months’ maturity respectively to the repo rate. This is to facilitate their financing and safeguard their role as credit suppliers to Swedish companies. 

Read more about the monthly market operations at longer maturities in kronor

 

More banks and credit institutions have the possibility to borrow money from the Riksbank

The Riksbank grants Swedish credit institutions under the supervision of Finansinspektionen the opportunity to become temporary monetary policy counterparties to the Riksbank. Also temporary monetary policy counterparties will be given the opportunity to participate in the programme for lending to non-financial companies via banks. 

Read more about temporary monetary policy counterparties

 

Eased collateral requirements when borrowing from the Riksbank

The Riksbank has eased the requirements regarding the collateral the banks can use when borrowing from the Riksbank. The reason is that the banks’ access to liquidity in Swedish krona may need strengthening in connection with the coronavirus pandemic. 

Read more on the page Collateral

 

 

Reduced the overnight lending rate to banks

The Riksbank has reduced the overnight lending rate loans to banks from +0.75 percentage points (prior to the pandemic) to the repo rate +0.10 percentage points to ensure that the overnight rate on the market for Swedish krona is close to the repo rate. This measure has been taken also to make it less expensive for the banks to have access to overnight loans.

Read more on the page Monetary policy instruments

 

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Updated 03/05/2021